The Geography of Cappadocia Will Be Rewritten; It turned out that the formation of the Cappadocia Region, which was declared a World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1985 and one of the most important tourism centers of Turkey, had nothing to do with the Erciyes, Hasan and Güllü Mountains.
It turned out that the formation of the Cappadocia Region, which was declared a World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1985 and one of the most important tourism centers of Turkey, had nothing to do with the Erciyes, Hasan and Güllü Mountains.
In geography books; 60 million years ago in the Cappadocia region; While it was written that the soft layers formed by the lava and ashes erupted by Erciyes, Hasan Mountain and Güllü Mountain were eroded by rain and wind for millions of years, recent researches revealed that the Cappadocia region has nothing to do with Erciyes, Hasan and Güllü Mountains.
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“Cappadocia was formed from its own volcanic chimneys”
The Geography of Cappadocia Will Be Rewritten; Kapadokya University Cappadocia Geological Heritage and Rock Carving Structures Application and Research Center Lecturer Prof. Dr. Mutluhan Akın said, “Most of the volcanic rocks in the Cappadocia Region are written in the books as a result of the eruption of Hasan Mountain, Erciyes and Melendiz volcanoes. There are such definitions in geography books published by the Ministry of National Education.
However, recent scientific studies, studies conducted by scientists working at Istanbul Technical University and radiometic age determinations show that the volcanic sequence in the region does not consist of the volcanoes Erciyes, Melendiz and Hasan Mountains in question, but consists of the outlet chimneys in the region itself. Especially the outlet chimneys in Derinkuyu and Acıgöl regions are seen as the most important centers in the formation of the volcanic succession in the region.
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“The age of Mount Erciyes and Hasan is younger”
The Geography of Cappadocia Will Be Rewritten; Prof. Dr. Akın said that the formation of the Cappadocia Region is older than the formation of Erciyes and Hasan Mountains when looking at the age, adding, “When looking at the age of the rocks in the region, the rocks in the region are between 5 and 9 million years old, while the Stratovolcanoes such as Erciyes, Hasan and Melendiz are about two million years old and younger.
For this reason, this mistake, which is included in geography books and other scientific books published by the Ministry of National Education, needs to be corrected. In order to make more accurate definitions, it should be stated that the region originates from the exit chimneys within itself.