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Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys; Fairy chimneys are a shape that emerged with the formation of the hat shape on conical bodies for various reasons. The biggest share in the appearance of these visual beauties attracting so much attention belongs to the appearance of this hat. These hat shapes are composed of a harder material than the soil type in the land structure. Therefore, it protects the cone-shaped structure under this hat shape and prevents it from falling apart.
The body part of the Cappadocia fairy chimneys consists of tuffite, volcanic ash and tuff, while the shape of the cap on the body consists of hard rocks such as ignimbrite and lahar. Since the hat part consists of hard and durable rocks, pressure is applied towards the lower part, and thus the body parts of the fairy chimneys are prevented from being eroded by the wind. In this way, the life of the fairy chimneys is extended. In addition, tuff in the body part prevents erosion in environments where fairy chimneys are located, preventing damage to fairy chimneys.
Cappadocia fairy chimneys are the shapes that were formed by the wearing down of the places of worship that Christians built in the 3rd century in order to be able to worship comfortably. Therefore, it is known that these historical buildings are places of worship built in the 3rd century. If it is thought that many tribes and empires dominate the region, dozens of different states have an effect on the formation of fairy chimneys and their survival until today.
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How were the Fairy Chimneys Formed?
Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys; The Cappadocia region, where fairy chimneys are located, is a region where active volcanoes existed millions of years ago and these volcanoes erupt from time to time. As a result of active volcanoes erupting from Erciyes, Hasandağı and Güllüdağ, which were located in the region 60 million years ago, lava and ashes erupted into the region, and these erupted ash and lava mixed with the soil structure of the region. After these lavas were extinguished, the streams in the region eroded the rocks and formed deep valleys.
The strong winds blowing from the valleys eroded the structures formed in the region over time, paving the way for the formation of fairy chimneys. Later, after millions of years of human life in the region, people built various structures here. Among these structures are Christian houses and places of worship. Cappadocia fairy chimneys began to form as these structures eroded over time due to heavy rain, wind and storm. However, the formation of fairy chimneys did not happen all at once. These structures took thousands of years to form. As a matter of fact, the absence of vegetation in the region also contributed to the formation of fairy chimneys.
Features of Fairy Chimneys
Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys; One of the most important features of the fairy chimneys is that the lava and hard basalts in the region are eroded by rains and storms. In this sense, fairy chimneys are one of the most valuable historical monuments in the world, which were formed naturally. The lengths of the fairy chimneys vary. It is also possible to see the 1 meter fairy chimney in the region. It is also possible to see the 15 meter one. Although the figures smaller than 1 meter in the region consist of a body and a hat, they are not called fairy chimneys.
Fairy chimneys are a shape that emerged with the formation of the hat shape on conical bodies for various reasons. The biggest share in the appearance of these visual beauties attracting so much attention belongs to the appearance of this hat.
The fairy chimneys in the Cappadocia region are shown as one of the 7 wonders of the world. These fairy chimneys are available in white and gray colors. The materials in the hat part of the Cappadocia fairy chimneys, which have a chronic body structure, are resistant to abrasion, and the materials in the lower part are composed of easily eroded materials.
Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys Legend
Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys; There is a story of the Fairy Chimneys, which offer a visual feast to its visitors and its formation is almost a legend. According to the legend, a very hardworking young man lived here. This young and hardworking villager planted grape vines in the places shaded by the chimneys and also planted in the empty fields. The young man lived like this for years.
Years have passed and this hardworking villager has aged. He hasn’t lost anything from his hard work in his old age. He would still cultivate empty fields and continue to work with determination during the harvest time. Again, one day, the man who went to work at the harvest time, fell from exhaustion when he came to a fairy chimney. The man begins to grumble in sadness. He thinks that birds will come and harm his crops. He wants to start work right away, but he can’t afford to rise again. While he is sitting in a crying and sad state, he sees many fairies coming out of the fairy chimneys.
According to the legend, these fairies, who heard the old man’s cry, collect the crops and take them to the man’s hangar. The fairies who finished their work later disappeared. Of course, the old villager who saw this situation could not believe his eyes. He thinks that it was a dream. However, these fairies always helped him. In their old state, they gathered the crops, grapes and their eggs. Those who saw the old version of the villager were amazed at this situation.
He thought that God rewarded him for his hard work. The old man kept these events a secret until the end of his life.
Where are the Fairy Chimneys?
Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys; Fairy chimneys are located in the Cappadocia district of Nevşehir. The distance between Nevşehir center and Cappadocia is 7 km. In fact, there are fairy chimneys in many parts of Nevşehir. However, the most common and oldest fairy chimneys are found in Cappadocia. That’s why thousands of people from the country and abroad come to the region every year to take pictures of these unique structures and examine them.
How to Go to Fairy Chimneys?
Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys; People can choose many ways to come to Cappadocia. People arriving at Nevşehir airport by air can reach the Cappadocia fairy chimneys in Cappadocia after 15 to 20 minutes by commercial taxi. Apart from this, people who want to come to Cappadocia from cities and districts that do not have direct flights to Nevşehir should come to Kayseri airport. People arriving at Kayseri airport can easily find a commercial taxi and go to Cappadocia in about 1 hour. There are two options for those who want to come to Cappadocia by land. The first is the option of reaching by public transportation buses.
There are direct flights to Cappadocia from nearly every province of Turkey. You can go to see Cappadocia fairy chimneys by taking these long-distance buses. Although this way takes some time, it is the most economically viable way. Apart from this, if people coming to Cappadocia by personal vehicle are coming from Istanbul and its surroundings, they can reach Cappadocia in the shortest way by first taking the Ankara road and then following the Kırıkkale – Kırşehir and Nevşehir road.
People who want to come to the region to see the Cappadocia fairy chimneys from other regions should come to Kayseri. People who come to Kayseri can reach Cappadocia after traveling approximately 100 km by following the Nevşehir signs. Those who want to come to the region by public transportation from Kayseri and surrounding cities can join the sightseeing tours organized by long distance companies and various organizations and come to Cappadocia in a more reliable and economical way and discover these unique structures. People who want to come to the region from abroad should first come to Kayseri airport and then continue their transportation by land.